INDUSTRIAL VISIT at V.O.C Port Trust, Thoothukudi
Industrial visit to the VOC Port Trust, Tuticorin was organised for second and third year students(68 students) of Civil Engineering. Three faculties from the civil department accompanied with them. This visit was arranged to give an exposure to the Civil Engineering students about coastal structures.
V.O.Chidambaranar Port, formerly Tuticorin Port, is one of the 12 major ports in India. This is the third international port in Tamil Nadu and its second all-weather port. All V.O.Chidambaram Port's traffic handling has crossed 10 million tons from 1 April to 13 September 2008, registering a growth rate of 12.08 per cent, surpassing the corresponding previous year handling of 8.96 million tons. It has services to USA, China, Europe, Sri Lanka and Mediterranean countries. The Station Commander, Coast Guard Station Tuticorin is located at Tuticorin Port, Tamil Nadu under the operational and administrative control of the commander, Coast Guard Region (East), Chennai
We reached the VOC port trust –Green gate around 10.30 a.m. first we visited berth 1 and 2. In there we saw docks, jetties, Quays and control station
A dock is the area of water between or next to one or a group of human-made structures that are involved in the handling of boats or ships (usually on or near a shore).
A bollard is a sturdy, short, vertical post. Although it originally described a post on a ship or quay used principally for mooring boats, to describe posts installed to control road traffic and posts designed to prevent ram raiding and car ramming attacks.
Then we visited the signal station. It is also located in berth 1 and 2. The signals to the ships are given from this station from where they can see the movement of ship. Signal stations were the only practical mean of communicating with passing ships until the development of radio, and played a critical role in both navigation safety and commercial operation of fleets. As they were normally located in high places with extensive fields of view, surviving signal stations are often in scenic locations, and have become local landmarks.
A dolphin is a man-made marine structure that extends above the water level and is not connected to shore. Dolphins are usually installed to provide a fixed structure when it would be impractical to extend the shore to provide a dry-access facility, for example, when the number of ships is greater than can be accommodated by the length of the berth/pier.
Typical uses include extending a berth (a berthing dolphin) or providing a mooring point (a mooring dolphin). Dolphins are also used to house navigation aids such as lights or day beacons, and display regulatory information such as speed limits and other safety information, or advertising. They are also used to protect structures from possible impact by ships, in a similar fashion to boating fenders